What is Male Fertility Treatment?
What you should know
There are several reasons you might have low sperm in your semen even if your body makes enough of it:
Retrograde ejaculation : In this condition, your sperm ejaculates backward, into your bladder. It’s usually caused by an earlier surgery. You are missing the main sperm pipeline (the vas deferens). It’s a genetic problem. Some men are born without a main pipeline for sperm.
Obstruction : There can be a blockage anywhere between the testicles and the penis.
Anti-sperm antibodies : As mentioned, they attack your sperm on the way to the egg.
“Idiopathic” infertility : It is a fancy way of saying there isn’t any cause your doctor can identify for your abnormal or low sperm count.
A trained expert checks your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics. In general, if you have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means you have higher fertility. But there are plenty of exceptions to this. A lot of guys with low sperm counts or abnormal semen are still fertile. And about 15% of infertile men have normal semen and plenty of normal sperm.