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What is Male Fertility Treatment?

If you are a guy and your partner isn’t getting pregnant — even though it’s something you both want — take charge with a visit to your doctor. There are lots of tests you can take to find out if you’re infertile — and learn what kind of treatment you can get.

What you should know

There are several reasons you might have low sperm in your semen even if your body makes enough of it:
Retrograde ejaculation : In this condition, your sperm ejaculates backward, into your bladder. It’s usually caused by an earlier surgery. You are missing the main sperm pipeline (the vas deferens). It’s a genetic problem. Some men are born without a main pipeline for sperm.
Obstruction : There can be a blockage anywhere between the testicles and the penis.
Anti-sperm antibodies : As mentioned, they attack your sperm on the way to the egg.
“Idiopathic” infertility : It is a fancy way of saying there isn’t any cause your doctor can identify for your abnormal or low sperm count.


Some men make abnormal antibodies that attack the sperm on the way to the egg, which keeps your partner from getting pregnant. For other guys, making sperm isn’t the problem: It’s getting the sperm where they need to go. Men with these conditions have normal sperm in their testicles, but the sperm in semen are either missing, in low numbers, or abnormal.


A trained expert checks your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics. In general, if you have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means you have higher fertility. But there are plenty of exceptions to this. A lot of guys with low sperm counts or abnormal semen are still fertile. And about 15% of infertile men have normal semen and plenty of normal sperm.